Indian Family Planning Association Highlights Growing Gender Differences in Hypertension Awareness and Diagnosis

New Delhi [India], October 5 (ANI): On World Heart Day, celebrated on September 29, public health experts and female doctors called for immediate policy interventions to prevent a hypertension epidemic in India.

In a webinar hosted by the Family Planning Association of India, experts pointed out that hypertension disproportionately affects women in India due to the many socio-cultural and economic factors that limit their access to diagnostic facilities and prompt treatment.

Prominent speakers at the event included Sanghamitra Ghosh (Secretary General, IPHA, Kolkata), Dr Rathnamala Desai (President, FPA India), Dr Daksha Shah (Deputy Executive Health Officer, MCGM), Dr Kalpana Apte (Secretary general, FPA India) and Dr Ajit Menon (interventional cardiologist, Mumbai).

They discussed the growing problem of hypertension, how it could be treated, why women are not seeking treatment, measures that could be used to enable them to do so, and ways to help them do so. ” ensure adherence to treatment.

According to the WHO, 63 percent of Indians suffer from non-communicable diseases, of which 27 percent can be attributed to cardiovascular disease. Hypertension continues to be the leading cause of heart disease in India, but there is a lack of awareness about it, lack of proper primary care, and poor follow-up.

One in five women in India (aged 15-49) has high blood pressure but remains undiagnosed. High blood pressure causes the walls of blood vessels to thicken, which affects blood flow to the heart. It also causes cholesterol deposits in the arteries, which increases the risk of stroke.

Dr Sanghamitra Ghosh, Secretary General of IPHA, Kolkata pointed out that complications resulting from hypertension include impaired fetal growth, low birth weight, pre-eclampsia and other hypertensive disorders that cause maternal, fetal and neonatal morbidity and mortality.

Hypertension can cause symptoms in younger and middle-aged women that are often mistaken for “stress” or “menopause-related,” resulting in neglect and becoming a risk factor for underlying diseases. Women may be more likely to develop hypertension after menopause, due to reduced levels of estrogen, a cardioprotective hormone.

Speaking on the occasion, Dr Kalpana Apte, Secretary General of FPA India, said: “A preliminary review of data on the prevalence and cascade of hypertension care in India revealed that women are at risk. increased hypertension, especially beyond their childbearing years, as compared to men, and they are also treated sub-optimally. Women are more likely than men to be subject to health disparities that arise from socio-cultural factors and socio-economic and political contexts. physical mobility often limits women’s access to optimal health care. This webinar provided the opportunity to discuss with experts the data and program gaps that may impact the effective implementation of gender-equitable hypertension control programs in India ”.

Explaining further on the subject, Dr Rathnamala Desai, President of FPA India, said: “The key agenda of our advocacy efforts is to identify research gaps and to design policies and programs so that specific needs are met. women, during and beyond their childbearing years are taken into account. Cardiovascular disease is more common in women (38 percent) than in men (31 percent) and therefore it is imperative to implement programs that can control hypertension in women in particular, as the disease has a huge impact on their health, well-being, and role in society. “” Hypertension affects nearly 24% of the world’s population and is one of the main risk factors for various cardiovascular diseases and complications. Women often have high blood pressure that goes undiagnosed and undertreated and has a higher risk of complications. Mumbai’s leading interventional cardiologist.

Dr Daksha Shah, Deputy Director of Health, MCGM said: “Given the alarming NCD mortality statistics in the country and the city, we need to prioritize the budget and human resource allocation for NCDs, focusing on in particular on the participation of women in the program. Also, evolve the models. care involving the private sector and community organizations. Improve awareness and sensitization of women for early detection; Emphasize healthy food choices for the family and regular exercise ”.

According to the WHO, noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for 60% of all deaths worldwide. A staggering 35 million people die each year from these silent killers, including 18 million women. NCDs represent the greatest threat to women’s health worldwide, increasingly affecting women in developing countries in their most productive years. Therefore, it is important to prioritize the treatment of hypertension.

Controlling hypertension requires a strategic approach that begins with support at the political level for effective program implementation, standardization of treatment protocols, deployment of skilled human resources and monitoring mechanisms at all levels of the body. health system, intersectoral linkages and synergies between ongoing programs, improving people’s skills to prevent and self-manage chronic diseases, stakeholder partnerships, information systems to monitor the impact of interventions and identify ‘gaps’ ” care.

In this context, Prioritizing Advocacy for Control of Hypertension in India (PrACHI) is a collaboration between development partners FPA India and GHAI to reach key influencers for the effective implementation of policies and programs aimed at reducing by 25% the prevalence of hypertension in India. until 2025.

Advocacy efforts will be focused on effective implementation and convergence between national programs and regimes that are either fully committed to the prevention and management of hypertension, or include this strategic component, as part of a program. wider. Synergies in the field between vertical programs; greater allocation of resources (or pooling of resources) and a public-private partnership for effective implementation and monitoring will be the main demands. (ANI)


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